Der Stürmer was a weekly tabloid-format NSDAP newspaper published by Julius Streicher from 1923 to the end of World War II.
The newspaper originated at Nuremberg during Hitler’s attempt to establish power and control. During the struggle to achieve power, Streicher was accused by the opposition of the NSDAP as being “a liar, a coward, of having unsavory friends, mistreating his wife and of flirting with women”. – tactics still used today by those same ‘people’…
Despite the accusations, the first copy of Der Stürmer was published April 20, 1923. Der Stürmer’s circulation grew over time, distributing to a large percentage of the German population as well as Argentina, Brazil, Canada and the United States.
Der Stürmer was best known for its effective antisemitic caricatures, which depicted jews as ugly characters with exaggerated facial features and misshapen bodies. (not really a misrepresentation in reality though).
Many of these drawings were the work of Philipp Rupprecht, known as Fips, who was one of the best-known anti-Semitic cartoonists (the illustrator of the children’s book The Poisonous Mushroom)
At the bottom of the title page there was always the motto “Die Juden sind unser Unglück!” (“The Jews are our misfortune!”), coined by Heinrich von Treitschke in the 1880s.
Most of its readers were young people and people from the lowest strata of German society. Copies of Der Stürmer were displayed in prominent display cases throughout the Reich; as well as advertising the publication, these cases also allowed its articles to reach those readers who either did not have time to buy and read a daily newspaper in depth, or could not afford the expense. In 1927, it sold about 27,000 copies every week; by 1935, its circulation had increased to around 480,000.
Caricatures in chronological order: